Author Archive

Theories of Motivation and Addictive Behavior

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Gary S. Rose
Scott T. Walters

For a detective, the easiest crimes to solve are those with an apparent motive: He wanted her money, and so he killed her for it. The crime makes sense. Crimes with no apparent motive are more difficult, such as when a person is attacked by someone unknown to him or her. But perhaps there are clues—a hair follicle, a scrap of clothing, or an eyewitness. The most difficult crimes of all are those that occur ...

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Motivational Interviewing and Health Behavior Change Counseling

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Gary S. Rose, Judy C.C. Phillips, and Garry Welch

The purpose of this chapter is to introduce Motivational Interviewing (MI), an evidence-based style of health behavior change consultation, and to discuss the implications of MI for the challenges faced in treating the obese patient. Our goal is to provide readers with a set of ideas to stimulate creative thought about health behavior change and a toolkit of techniques that may be readily integrated into professional practice.

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Motivational Interviewing and Decisional Balance: Contrasting Responses to Client Ambivalence

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William R. Miller, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Gary S. Rose, Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology, Newton, MA, USA

Background: A recommendation in original descriptions of motivational interviewing (MI) was to “explore ambivalence”. Contrasting procedures for doing so have been clarified through the evolution of MI. Aims: This article describes two conceptually distinct methods for responding to ambivalence: decisional balance (DB) and MI’s evocation of change talk, and reviews empirical evidence to recommend when each procedure is appropriate ...

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Toward a Theory of Motivational Interviewing

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William R. Miller, University of New Mexico
Gary S. Rose, Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology

The widely disseminated clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) arose through a convergence of science and practice. Beyond a large base of clinical trials, advances have been made toward “looking under the hood” of MI to understand the underlying mechanisms by which it affects behavior change. Such specification of outcome-relevant aspects of practice is vital to theory development and can inform both treatment delivery and ...

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A Transdiagnostic Intervention for Youth Sleep and Circadian Problems

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Allison G. Harvey, University of California, Berkeley

Sleep disturbance is an important contributor to, and maybe even cause of, vicious cycles of escalating vulnerability and increased risk among youth as they prepare to, and transition into, adulthood. The aim of this paper is to describe the scientific derivation of, and components of, the Youth version of the Transdiagnostic Sleep and Circadian Intervention (TranS-C-Youth) to improve sleep. TranS-C-Youth draws from sources that are informed by basic sleep/circadian principles and aims to help clinicians ...

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